Pamela A. Foral, PharmD, BCPS
Pamela A. Foral, PharmD, BCPS

Pamela A. Foral, PharmD, BCPS

Professor
School of Pharmacy and Health Professions

Academic Appointments

Department

  • Pharmacy Practice

Position

  • Professor

Secondary Appointment

  • School of Medicine

Publications and Presentations

Books

  • Davis EM, Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Christensen CM, Ward AR, McCoy TA. Case Study: A 
    data-driven pilot test of a pharmacist-driven medication reconciliation process. In: Piscoran S, ed. Medication Reconciliation Handbook. Illinois: Joint Commission Resources and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists 2006: 175-185., Joint Commission journal on quality and patient safety Joint Commission Resources, 2006
  • Nystrom KK, FORAL PA. Nausea and Vomiting. In: Schwinghammer TL, editor. 
    Pharmacotherapy Casebook: A Patient-Focused Approach, Sixth Edition. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. April 2005., McGraw-Hill, 2005
  • Nystrom KK, FORAL PA. Nausea and Vomiting. In: Schwinghammer TL, editor. 
    Pharmacotherapy Casebook: A Patient-Focused Approach, Sixth Edition. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. April 2005., McGraw-Hill, 2005
  • FORAL PA, Malesker MA, Hopkins H. Medication Effect on Sleep. In: Bowman TJ, editor. 
    Review of Sleep Medicine. Butterworth-Heinemann: Burlington, MA 2003;94-99., Butterwoth-Heinemann, 2003
  • FORAL PA, Malesker MA, Hopkins H. Medication Effect on Sleep. In: Bowman TJ, editor. 
    Review of Sleep Medicine. Butterworth-Heinemann: Burlington, MA 2003;94-99., Butterwoth-Heinemann, 2003
  • Nystrom KK, FORAL PA. Nausea and Vomiting: Family Ties. In: Schwinghammer TL, editor. 
    Pharmacotherapy Casebook: A Patient-Focused Approach, Fifth Edition. New York, NY: The 
    McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2002:111-113., McGraw-Hill, 2002
  • Nystrom KK, FORAL PA. Nausea and Vomiting: Family Ties. In: Schwinghammer TL, editor. 
    Pharmacotherapy Casebook: A Patient-Focused Approach, Fifth Edition. New York, NY: The 
    McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 2002:111-113., McGraw-Hill, 2002

Articles

  • Spivak ES, Burk M, Zhang R, Jones MM, Neuhauser MM, Goetz MB, Cunningham FE, for the Management of Urinary Tract Infections Medication Use Evaluation Group (FORAL P). Management of bacteriuria in Veterans Affairs hospitals. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2017;65(15):910-917. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix474., Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2017
  • Velagapudi M, Ratnaraj F, Krishnan M, Gujjula NR, Gorby G, FORAL PA, Bendi VS, 
    Vivekanandan R. Otogenic temporal lobe abscess: A mini-review. Journal of Spine & Neurosurgery 2017;6(2):1-3., American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2017
  • Krantz A, Ratnaraj F, Velagapudi M, Krishnan M, Gujjula NR, FORAL PA, Preheim L. 
    Streptococcus gordonii empyema: A case report and review of empyema. Cureus 2017;9(4):e1159. doi:10.7759/cureus.1159, 2017
  • FORAL P, Anthone J, Destache C, Vivekanandan R, Preheim L, Gorby G, Horne J, Dobronski 
    L, Syed J, Mindru C, Ali M, Ali K, Neemann K, Bittner M. Education and communication in an interprofessional antimicrobial stewardship program. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 2016;116(9):588-593. (Invited), Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 2016
  • Davis EM, FORAL PA, Dull RB, Smith AN. Review of insulin therapy and pen use in hospitalized patients., Hospital Pharmacist, 48(5), 396-405, 2013
  • Foral, P., Dewan, N., Malesker, M. Insomnia: a therapeutic review for pharmacists, Consultant Pharmacist, 26, 332-341, 2011
  • Foral, P., Knezevich, J., Dewan, N., Malesker, M. Medication-induced sleep disturbances, Consultant Pharmacist, 26, 414-425, 2011
  • FORAL P, Knezevich J, Dewan N, Malesker M. Medication induced sleep disturbances., Consultant Pharmacist, 26(5), 414-425, 2011
  • FORAL P, Dewan N, Malesker M. Insomnia: A Therapeutic Review for Pharmacists., Consultant Pharmacist, 26(5), 332-341, 2011
  • Foral, Pamela A., Turner, Paul D., Monaghan, Michael S., Walters, Ryan W., Merkel, Jennifer J., Lipschultz, Jeremy H., Lenz, Thomas L. Faculty and Student Expectations and Perceptions of E-mail Communication in a Campus and Distance Doctor of Pharmacy Program, American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 74, 191-191, 2010
  • Davis, E.M., Sexson, E. L., Spangler, M. L., Foral, P. A., An Evaluation of Pre-filled Insulin Pens: a focus on the Next Generation FlexPen®., Medical Devices: Evidence and Research, 3, 41-50, 2010
  • Nystrom, K. K., Foral, P. A., Christensen, C. M., Destache, C. J., Davis, Estella M. Rotation Students' Perceptions of Clinical Workload Documentation Using a Personal Digital Assistant, Hospital Pharmacy, 44, 968, 2009
  • Davis, Estella M., Christensen, Carla M., Nystrom, Kelly K., Foral, Pamela A., Destache, Chris Patient satisfaction and costs associated with insulin administered by pen device or syringe during hospitalization, American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 65, 1347-1357, 2008
  • Malesker, M. A., Foral, P. A., McPhillips, A. C., Christensen, K. J., Chang, J. A., Hilleman, D. E. An efficiency evaluation of protocols for tight glycemic control in intensive care units, American Journal of Critical Care, 16, 589-598, 2007
  • Foral, P. A., Ineck, J. R., Nystrom, K. K. Oxycodone accumulation in a hemodialysis patient, Southern Medical Journal, 100, 212-214, 2007
  • Nystrom, K. K., Foral, P. A., Wilson, A. F., Christensen, C. M., Miller, C. K. Personal digital assistant (PDA) clinical intervention documentation system: Development, implementation, and comparison to a previous paper-based system, Hospital Pharmacy, 41, 143-150, 2006
  • Lenz, T. L., Foral, P. A., Malesker, M. A., Hunter, C. B., Hilleman, D. E. Impact of nesiritide on health care resource utilization and complications in patients with decompensated heart failure, Pharmacotherapy, 24, 1137-1146, 2004
  • Foral, P. A., Malesker, M. A., Huerta, G., Hilleman, D. E. Nebulized opioids use in COPD, Chest, 125, 691-694, 2004
  • Foral, P. A., Nystrom, K. K., Wilson, A. F., Christensen, C. M. Gastrointestinal-related adverse effects of COX-2 inhibitors, Drugs of Today, 39, 939-948, 2003
  • Foral, P. A., Hopkins, H., Holstein, S., Wright, C., Malesker, M. A., Heineman, S. M. Medications as a cause of sleep disturbances, Consultant Pharmacist, 17, 417-426, 2002
  • Foral, P. A., Wilson, A. F., Nystrom, K. K. Gastrointestinal bleeds associated with rofecoxib, Pharmacotherapy, 22, 384-386, 2002
  • Foral, P. A., Heineman, S. M. Vancomycin removal during a plasma exchange transfusion, Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 35, 1400-1402, 2001
  • Hilleman, D. E., Heineman, S. M., Foral, P. A. Pharmacoeconomic assessment of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor therapy: An analysis based on the CURVES study, Pharmacotherapy, 20, 819-822, 2000

Publications

  • FORAL P, Anthone J, Horne J, Dobronski L, Syed J, Destache C, Vivekanandan R, Preheim L, Gorby G, Bittner M. Incorporating Interprofessional Practice Education and Motivational Interviewing Techniques in Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs at Two Academic Medical Centers. Open Forum Infect Dis, (Fall 2015) 2 (suppl 1), S166, 2015
  • FORAL P, Jamieson E, Bittner M, Gorby G, Horowitz E, Ali K, Neemann K, Vivekanandan R, Mindru C, Ali M, Hrdy M, Horne J, Dobronski L, Preheim L. Provider acceptance and impact of a consultative, non-coercive antimicrobial stewardship program at a Veterans Affairs medical center., Pharmacotherapy, 34, e194, 2014
  • Smith AN, FORAL PA, Knezevich JT, Monaghan MS. Development of criteria for clinical activities for pharmacy practice faculty at annual evaluations. Abstracts and Index of Authors. Pharmacotherapy 2013:33:e194., Pharmacotherapy, 33, 194, 2013
  • Cernik B, FORAL PA, Hrdy M, Destache C. Evaluating the appropriateness of an antimicrobial intravenous to oral conversion protocol compared to antimicrobial stewardship recommendations in a veterans affairs health care system. ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, 46(DEC), 3-157, 2013

Editing and Reviews

  • FORAL PA. Review of Antibiotic Essentials 2017, 15th Edition. Doody’s Review Service (on-line). Available: http://www.doody.com., 2017
  • FORAL PA. Review of Antibiotic Essentials 2015, 14th Edition. Doody’s Review Service (on-line). Available: http://www.doody.com., 2015
  • FORAL PA. Review of Drug Interactions in Infectious Diseases, 3rd Edition. Doody’s Review Service (on-line). Available: http://www.doody.com. (Accessed May 3, 2013)., 2013
  • FORAL PA. Antibiotic Essentials 2013, 12th Edition. Doody’s Review Service (on-line). Available: http://www.doody.com. (Accessed November 26, 2013)., 2013
  • FORAL PA. Review of Antibiotics: Pocketcard Set 2013, 2nd Edition. Doody’s Review Service (on-line). Available: http://www.doody.com. (Accessed September 6, 2013)., 2013
  • FORAL PA. Review of Antibiotics: Pocketcard Set 2012. Doody’s Review Service (on-line). Available: http://www.doody.com. (Accessed July 27, 2012)., 2012
  • FORAL PA. Review of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 6th Edition. Doody’s Review Service (on-line). Available: http://www.doody.com. (Accessed May 25, 2012)., 2012
  • FORAL PA Johns Hopkins ABX Guide 2012: Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, 3rd Edition. Doody’s Review Service (on-line). Available: http://www.doody.com. (Accessed March 9, 2012)., 2012

Presentations

  • FORAL P, Saunders J, Davis E, Packard K, Duggins K, Hrdy M, Horne J, Destache C. A 
    multicenter evaluation of cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infection management. IDWeek 2017, San Diego, California, October 7, 2017. P 1924., 2017
  • FORAL P, Dalke B, Brondum A, Hrdy M, Horne J, Destache C. A novel vancomycin 
    standardized calculations method achieved therapeutic trough goals in obese and non-obese patients in a Veterans Affairs health care system. IDWeek 2017, San Diego, California, October 5, 2017. P 817., 2017
  • Sodoro J, FORAL PA. Appropriate use of fluoroquinolones: To use or not to use. Veterans 
    Affairs Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System Clinical Pharmacy Retreat 2017, Lincoln, Nebraska. April 28 and May 3, 2017. Pharmacist continuing education program; 1 hour presentations., 2017
  • FORAL PA. Rabies: Evaluation and treatment. Nursing Primary Care Competencies. Veterans 
    Affairs Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System, Omaha, Nebraska, May 2017; 20 min., 2017
  • FORAL PA. Antimicrobial stewardship program and patient education. Staff nursing education 
    on multiple patient care units. Veterans Affairs Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System, 
    Omaha, Nebraska, April – May 2017., 2017
  • FORAL PA. Efficacy of oral vancomycin in preventing recurrent Clostridium difficile infection in 
    patients treated with systemic antimicrobial agents. Invited Journal Club Presentation. Omaha/Lincoln Infectious Diseases Pharmacy Journal Club. Omaha, Nebraska, February 22, 2017; ½ hour., 2017
  • INVITED Presentation: FORAL P, Frazer J. Fluoroquinolone safety, appropriate use and 
    alternatives. Veterans Affairs Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System, Med Staff Meeting, Omaha, Nebraska, September 2016, 20 min., 2016
  • FORAL PA. Pharmacokinetics workshop. Staff development for PGY1 pharmacy residents, 
    Veterans Affairs Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System, Omaha, Nebraska, June 2016., 2016
  • FORAL PA. Combination of vancomycin and β-lactam therapy for methicillin-resistant 
    Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: A pilot multicenter randomized controlled trial. Invited Journal Club Presentation. Omaha/Lincoln Infectious Diseases Pharmacy Journal Club. Omaha, Nebraska, February 10, 2016; ½ hour., 2016
  • FORAL P, Anthone J, Horne J, Dobronski L, Syed J, Destache C, Vivekanandan R, Preheim L, Gorby G, Bittner M. Incorporating Interprofessional Practice Education and Motivational Interviewing Techniques in Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs at Two Academic Medical Centers. IDWeek 2015, San Diego, California, October 8, 2015. P 428, 2015
  • Dorbronski L, FORAL P, Hemrick K, Bittner M. Adherence to Clostridium difficile treatment guidelines improved after intensification of an antimicrobial stewardship program with trends toward shorter length of stay and lower mortality at a Veterans Affairs health care system. Fellow Poster Presentation, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, May 15, 2015., 2015
  • Dorbronski L, FORAL P, Hemrick K, Bittner M. Adherence to Clostridium difficile treatment guidelines improved after intensification of an antimicrobial stewardship program with trends toward shorter length of stay and lower mortality at a Veterans Affairs health care system. SHEA Spring 2015 Conference: Science Guiding Prevention, Orlando, Florida, May 14-16, 2015., 2015
  • INVITED Presentation: Dorbronski L, FORAL P. Adherence to Clostridium difficile treatment guidelines improved after intensification of an antimicrobial stewardship program with trends toward shorter length of stay and lower mortality at a Veterans Affairs health care system. Medicine Grand Rounds. Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, March 2015; 1 hour., 2015
  • INVITED Presentation: Dorbronski L, FORAL P. Adherence to Clostridium difficile treatment 
    guidelines improved after intensification of an antimicrobial stewardship program with trends toward shorter length of stay and lower mortality at a Veterans Affairs health care system. Medicine Grand Rounds. Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, March 2015; 1 hour., 2015
  • FORAL PA, Jamieson E, Bittner M, Gorby G, Horowitz E, Ali K, Neeman K, Vivekanandan R, Mindru C, Ali M, Hrdy M, Horne J, Dobronski L, Preheim L. Provider acceptance and impact of a consultative, non-coercive antimicrobial stewardship program at a Veterans Affairs medical center. 2014 Annual Meeting of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Austin, Texas, October 15, 2014., 2014
  • FORAL PA, Nissen S. Standardization of vancomycin calculations and optimizing patient care. 5th Annual NWI Clinical Pharmacy Retreat, Lincoln, Nebraska. April 27 and April 29, 2014. Pharmacist continuing education program; 1 hour presentations., 2014
  • Smith AN, FORAL PA, Knezevich JT, Monaghan MS. Development of criteria for clinical activities for pharmacy practice faculty at annual evaluations. 2013 Annual Meeting of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Albuquerque, NM, October 15, 2013., 2013
  • INVITED Presentation: Preheim L, Anthone J, FORAL P. Antimicrobial stewardship programs: Implementation and impact at CUMC and VA. Surgery Residents Grand Rounds. Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, April 2013; 1 hour., 2013
  • INVITED Presentation: Preheim L, Anthone J, FORAL P. Antimicrobial stewardship programs: 
    Implementation and impact at CUMC and VA. Surgery Residents Grand Rounds. Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, April 2013; 1 hour., 2013
  • FORAL PA. Probiotics for the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea; a systematic review and meta-analysis. Invited Journal Club Presentation. Omaha/Lincoln Infectious Diseases Pharmacy Journal Club. Omaha, NE, February 20, 2013; ½ hour., 2013
  • INVITED Presentation: Preheim L, Anthone J, FORAL P. Antimicrobial stewardship programs: Implementation and impact at CUMC and VA. Family Medicine Grand Rounds. Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, January 2013; 1 hour., 2013
  • Cernik B, FORAL P, Hrdy M, Preheim L, Bittner M, Gorby G, Destache C, Ali K, Neemann K. Evaluating the appropriateness of an antimicrobial intravenous to oral conversion protocol compared to antimicrobial stewardship recommendations in a veterans affairs health care system. 46th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, Nevada, December 3, 2012. P 3-157, 2012
  • INVITED Presentation: Preheim L, Anthone J, FORAL P. Antimicrobial stewardship programs: Implementation and impact at CUMC and VA. Medical Residents Research Seminar. Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, October 2012; 1 hour., 2012
  • INVITED Presentation: FORAL PA. Rabies: Post deployment; Risk, exposure and treatment. Omaha Medicine Staff, Veterans Affairs Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System, Omaha, Nebraska, June 2012; 20 min., 2012
  • Davis EM, Stang J, FORAL PA, Baker TM, Destache D. Factors associated with early readmission of cardiothoracic surgical patients. 2012 ACCP Virtual Poster Symposium. May 23, 2012., 2012
  • INVITED Presentation: Preheim L, Destache C, Anthone J, FORAL P. Antimicrobial stewardship enhanced patient outcomes and decreased microbial resistance, Surgery Residents Grand Rounds, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, February 2012; 1 hour., 2012
  • INVITED Presentation: Preheim L, Destache C, Anthone J, FORAL P. Antimicrobial stewardship enhanced patient outcomes and decreased microbial resistance, Medical Residents Grand Rounds, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, November 2011; 1 hour., 2012
  • Anderson JM, FORAL PA, Nystrom KK, Davis EM, Schmidt DP. Piloting clinical pharmacy services in the emergency department of a community hospital. 45th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, New Orleans, Louisiana, December 5, 2011., 2011
  • Pick AM, Elsasser GN, FORAL P. A faculty-initiated mentoring program for fourth year pharmacy students seeking postgraduate training. 112th American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Annual Meeting and Seminars, San Antonio, Texas, July 11, 2011., 2011
  • Herdzina AM, Davis EM, FORAL P, Nystrom KK, Baker TM, Christensen CM. Pharmacist 
    discharge counseling: The impact on cardiac surgery patients. 45th Annual ASHP Midyear 
    Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Anaheim, California, December 7, 2010., 2010
  • Raber M, Nystrom KK, FORAL P, Davis EM, Christensen CM. Development of a pharmacy 
    technician chemotherapy competency in a community hospital. 45th Annual ASHP Midyear 
    Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Anaheim, California, December 6, 2010., 2010
  • Davis E, FORAL P, Baker T, Herdzina A, Destache C, Hardy K. Identification of factors 
    associated with early readmission of cardiothoracic surgical patients in a community hospital. 2010 Annual Meeting of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Austin, Texas, October 
    18, 2010., 2010
  • FORAL PA, Merkel JJ, Turner PD, Lenz TL, Monaghan MS, Walters RW. Email 
    communication: Faculty and students’ expectations and perceptions of accessibility and 
    response time. 2010 Annual Meeting of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Austin, 
    Texas, October 18, 2010., 2010
  • FORAL PA, Merkel JJ, Turner PD, Lenz TL, Monaghan MS, Walters RW. Email 
    communication: Faculty and students’ expectations and perceptions of accessibility and 
    response time. 2010 Annual Meeting of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Austin, 
    Texas, October 18, 2010., 2010
  • Herink M, Christensen C, FORAL P, Davis E, Nystrom K. Establishing pharmacist 
    involvement in parenteral nutrition: Evaluation at a community hospital. 44th Annual ASHP 
    Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, Nevada, December 8, 2009., 2009
  • Gerber C, FORAL P, Davis E, Christensen C, Nystrom K. Pilot evaluation of pharmacist- 
    driven medication reconciliation. 44th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, 
    Las Vegas, Nevada, December 8, 2009., 2009
  • FORAL P, Manning R, Davis E, Bruckner A, Christensen C. Implementation of a novel 
    glucose reporting tool in an intensive care unit with an electronic intensive care unit. 44th 
    Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, Nevada, December 7, 2009, 2009
  • Merkel JJ, FORAL PA, Turner PD, Lenz TT, Monaghan MS, Walters RW. Email vs. face-to- 
    face: Faculty and students’ perceptions of approachability and comfort level. 110th American 
    Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Annual Meeting and Seminars, Boston, Massachusetts, 
    July 19, 2009., 2009
  • Kim J, Nystrom K, Meyer R, Christensen C, Davis E, FORAL P. Evaluating the productivity, 
    demand, and reimbursement of an anticoagulation clinic. 43rd Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Orlando, Florida, December 9, 2008., 2008
  • Davis E, Krueger B, FORAL P, Christensen C, Nystrom K. Decompensated congestive heart 
    failure: treatment with an ultrafiltration device and analysis of anticoagulation methods. 43rd 
    Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Orlando, Florida, December 9, 2008. 
     , 2008
  • Pogge E, Davis E, Vuchetich P, FORAL PA, Nystrom K, Christensen C. Developing an 
    advanced student internship program at a community hospital. 43rd Annual ASHP Midyear 
    Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Orlando, Florida, December 9, 2008., 2008
  • FORAL PA, Merkel JJ, Turner PD, Monaghan MS, Walters RW. Email vs. face-to-face: 
    faculty and students’ perceptions of tone and content. 2008 Annual Meeting of the American 
    College of Clinical Pharmacy, Louisville, Kentucky, October 22, 2008, 2008
  • Ryan-Haddad A, Doll J, Sexson E, Nystrom K, Faulkner M, Coover K, Begley K, Davis E, 
    Tilleman J, Christensen C, FORAL P, Bruckner A. Enhancing the health fair experience for 
    older adults through the health report card and student health fair guides. 109th American 
    Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Annual Meeting and Seminars, Chicago, Illinois, July 
    19, 2008., 2008
  • FORAL PA, Pekarek A, Davis EM, Nystrom KK, Christensen CM, Destache C. Pharmacist’s 
    potential impact for polypharmacy patients in a community based clinic. 42nd Annual ASHP 
    Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, Nevada, December 4, 2007., 2007
  • FORAL PA, Malesker MM, Hilleman DE, Christensen KJ, McPhillips AC. Nursing satisfaction 
    survey concerning tight glycemic control protocols in the ICU. 42nd Annual ASHP Midyear 
    Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, Nevada, December 4, 2007., 2007
  • Nystrom KK, Williams L, Madsen L, Destache C, Davis EM, Christensen CM, FORAL PA. 
    Assessment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in oncology patients at a 
    community hospital. 42nd Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, 
    Nevada, December 3, 2007., 2007
  • Davis EM, Christensen CM, Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Destache C. Patient satisfaction and 
    cost-savings observed with insulin pens in a hospital setting. 2007 Annual Meeting of the 
    American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Denver, Colorado, October 15, 2007., 2007
  • Davis EM, Christensen CM, Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Destache C. Patient satisfaction and 
    cost-savings observed with insulin pens in a hospital setting. 2007 Annual Meeting of the 
    American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Denver, Colorado, October 15, 2007., 2007
  • Hrdy M, Christensen CM, Davis EM, Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Destache C. Immunizations 
    rates and physician preferences regarding birth doses of hepatitis B at a community hospital. 16th Pediatric Pharmacy Conference and Annual Meeting, Portsmouth, VA, September 29, 
    2007., 2007
  • Currier S, Christensen, CM, Veit L, Nystrom KK, Davis EM, FORAL PA, Wallingford B, 
    Destache C. Smoking cessation program for post-partum women: Preliminary results of a 
    pilot. 18th International Nursing Research Congress Focusing on Evidence-Based Practice. 
    Vienna, Austria, July 2007., 2007
  • Christensen CM, Veit L, Nystrom KK, Davis EM, FORAL PA, Currier S, Wallingford B, 
    Destache C. Early effectiveness of a post partum smoking cessation program. 41st Annual 
    ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Anaheim, California, December 5, 2006., 2006
  • Davis EM, Christensen CM, Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Destache C. Nursing satisfaction of 
    prefilled, disposable insulin pens compared to conventional insulin use in a community 
    hospital. 41st Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Anaheim, California, 
    December 5, 2006., 2006
  • Nystrom KK, Kerhli J, Davis EM, Christensen CM, FORAL PA, Destache C. A review of 
    febrile neutropenia management in a community hospital. 41st Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Anaheim, California, December 4, 2006., 2006
  • Malesker MA, Chang J, FORAL PA, Hilleman DE, Christensen K. An analysis of variations in 
    a tight glycemic control protocol. 41st Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, 
    Anaheim, California, December 4, 2006., 2006
  • FORAL PA, Malesker Ma, McPhillips AC, Christensen KJ, Hilleman DE. A time-motion 
    analysis of tight glycemic control protocols in the intensive care unit. 2006 Annual Meeting of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, St. Louis, Missouri, October 28, 2006., 2006
  • Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Davis EM, Christensen CM, Ward A, McCoy TA. Justifying a 
    medication reconciliation program at a community health system. 40th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, Nevada, December 5, 2005., 2005
  • Christensen CM, Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Davis EM, Ward A, Strasheim LR. Evaluation of 
    potential medication errors in a neonatal intensive care unit. 2005 Annual Meeting of the 
    American College of Clinical Pharmacy, San Francisco, California, October 24, 2005., 2005
  • Vanden Bosch AC, FORAL PA. Developing and delivering a clinical pharmacokinetics course 
    from a distance. The Virtual Frontier: Developing and Delivering Health Science Education 
    from a Distance, Creighton University School of Pharmacy and Health Professions, Omaha, 
    Nebraska, June 21, 2005., 2005
  • FORAL PA, Nystrom KK, Christensen C, Davis E, Heineman SM. Evaluation of HMG-CoA 
    reductase inhibitor (statin) utilization in the inpatient setting. 2005 ASHP Summer Meeting, 
    Boston, Massachusetts, June 13, 2005., 2005
  • Malesker MA, Lenz TL, FORAL PA, Hunter CB Hilleman DE. Pharmacoeconomic analysis of 
    nesiritide use in decompensate heart failure: A multi-center study. 2005 Spring Practice and 
    Research Form of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, 
    April 10, 2005., 2005
  • Hilleman DE, Faulkner MA, FORAL PA, Nystrom K, Lucas D. Cost-effectiveness evaluation 
    of a population-based treat-to-target study of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor. 39th Annual 
    ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Orlando, Florida. December 6, 2004., 2004
  • Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Christensen CM, Hayes MM, Davis EM. Pharmacy student survey 
    of views on clinical workload documentation and personal digital assistant (PDA) usage. 39th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Orlando, Florida. December 6, 2004., 2004
  • Christensen CM, Louie KR, Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Davis EM. Ordering neonatal parenteral 
    nutrition: the value of technology. 39th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, 
    Orlando, Florida. December 6, 2004., 2004
  • FORAL PA, Heineman S. COPD: Burden of illness and clinical management. Omaha, 
    Nebraska, September 2, 2004; two 1-hour continuing education presentations., 2004
  • Hilleman DE, Faulkner MA, FORAL PA, Nystrom K. Pharmacoeconomic evaluation of 
    tiotropium in COPD. 39th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Orlando, 
    Florida. December 6, 2004., 2004
  • FORAL PA, Nystrom KK, Wilson AF, Christensen CM, Ward A. Staffing requirements and 
    compensation days for pharmacy practice residencies in the Midwest. 38th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, New Orleans, Louisiana. December 10, 2003., 2003
  • Christensen CM, Sbaiti AM, FORAL PA, Wiedower AC, Wendel PJ. Once daily gentamicin 
    dosing and pharmacokinetics in postpartum women. 38th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, New Orleans, Louisiana. December 9, 2003., 2003
  • Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Wilson AF, Milbrath JA, Smith EC. Evaluation of the diagnosis of 
    depression and the use of antidepressant therapy in breast, colorectal and prostate cancer patients in a community hospital. 38th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, New Orleans, Louisiana. December 9, 2003., 2003
  • Lenz TL, FORAL PA, Malesker MA, Lucas BD, Hunter CB, Wadibia EC, Hilleman DE. 
    Pharmacoeconomic analysis of nesiritide use in decompensated heart failure. 38th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, New Orleans, Louisiana. December 9, 2003., 2003
  • Ward AR, Wilson AF, Schoening SK, Nystrom KK, FORAL PA. Implementation of an internally 
    managed prescription drug benefit for health-system employees. 38th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, New Orleans, Louisiana. December 8, 2003; 1 hour presentation., 2003
  • Hilleman DE, Lenz TL, Malesker MA, FORAL PA, Hunter CB. Pharmacoeconomic analysis of 
    nesiritide in decompensated heart failure: A multi-center study. American Heart Association Scientific Session 2003, Orlando, FL. November 10, 2003., 2003
  • FORAL PA. Breaking news in asthma management, treatment, and prevention. Asthma 
    Across the Continuum Conference 2003, Lincoln, Nebraska. September 26, 2003. Nursing and respiratory therapy continuing education program; 1 hour presentation., 2003
  • Lenz TL, FORAL PA, Malesker MA, Wadibia EC, Lucas BD, Hunter CB, Hilleman DE. 
    Impact of nesiritide on complications and health-care resources in decompensated heart 
    failure. Heart Failure Society of America, 7th Annual Scientific Meeting, Las Vegas, NV. 
    September 22, 2003., 2003
  • Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Wilson AF, Heineman S. The handheld devices: Improving 
    pharmacy in the palm of your hand and update on documentation system. Omaha, Nebraska. July 30, 2003; 1 hour presentation, 2003
  • Hilleman DE; FORAL PA. Pharmacoeconomic evaluation of tiotropium in COPD. American 
    College of Clinical Pharmacy: 2003 Spring Practice and Research Forum/Updates in 
    Therapeutics, Palm Springs, California. April 28, 2003., 2003
  • Heineman S, FORAL PA, Nystrom KK, Wilson AF. The handheld devices: Improving 
    pharmacy in the palm of your hand. Creighton University – SPAHP, Omaha, Nebraska March 21, 2003; 1 hour presentation., 2003
  • FORAL PA, Hromek CA, Nystrom KK, Wilson AF, Peters MH. Process improvement initiative 
    to improve aspirin use in the myocardial infarction patient. 37th Annual ASHP Midyear 
    Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Atlanta, Georgia. December 11, 2002., 2002
  • Wilson AF, Nystrom KK, FORAL PA. Levofloxacin medication use evaluation and cost 
    savings associated with pharmacist interventions. 37th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical 
    Meeting and Exhibits, Atlanta, Georgia. December 11, 2002., 2002
  • Ward A, Wilson AF, FORAL PA, Nystrom KK. Robotic technology in the inpatient setting. 
    Eastern Nebraska Pharmacist Network, Omaha, Nebraska; November 13, 2002; 1 hour presentation, 2002
  • Hromek C, FORAL P, Heck P, Schwedhelm KK, Peters MH, Dunbar TE, Birdwell M. Practice 
    improvement for the myocardial infarction population. American College of Nurse Practitioners National Clinical Symposium, Albuquerque, New Mexico. October 12, 2002., 2002
  • FORAL PA, Nystrom KK, Wilson AF. Residents’ documentation of clinical interventions 
    utilizing personal digital assistant technology. 2002 ASHP Residency Preceptors Conference, San Diego, CA. August 17-18, 2002; two 1-hour presentations., 2002
  • Nystrom KK, FORAL PA, Wilson AF. Fentanyl patch medication use evaluation in a 
    community hospital. 36th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, New Orleans, 
    Louisiana. December 5, 2001., 2001
  • Wilson AF, FORAL PA, Nystrom KK. Evaluation and impact of clinical pharmacy interventions 
    at a community hospital. 36th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, New 
    Orleans, Louisiana. December 5, 2001., 2001
  • FORAL PA, Ward A. Implementing a pharmacy practice residency in a community hospital; 
    Eastern Nebraska Pharmacist Network, Omaha, Nebraska; March 14, 2001; 1 hour presentation., 2001
  • FORAL PA, Heineman SM, Jaeckel S, Mo YS, Pullappally S. Warfarin protocol 
    implementation and evaluation in hospitalized cardiac patients. 35th Annual ASHP Midyear 
    Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, Nevada; December 5, 2000., 2000
  • FORAL PA, Heineman SM, Baum NA, Hill BM. Dolasetron substitution program and drug 
    use evaluation. 35th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, Nevada; December 5, 2000., 2000
  • Heineman SM, FORAL PA. Cefotetan-induced hemolysis, 35th Annual ASHP Midyear 
    Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Las Vegas, Nevada; December 5, 2000., 2000
  • Heineman S, Faulkner M, FORAL P, Hilleman DE. Comparative diagnostic accuracy of 
    adenosine, dipyridamole and dobutamine myocardial perfusion imaging: a meta-analysis, 
    2000 Spring Practice and Research Forum of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, 
    Monterey, California; April 4, 2000., 2000
  • FORAL PA. A case report of vancomycin removal during a plasma exchange transfusion in a 
    sickle cell anemia patient. 34th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibits, Orlando, 
    Florida; December 9, 1999., 1999
  • FORAL PA. Antibiotic and infectious disease course session 9: Case study: Intra-abdominal 
    infections. Continuing Education Series, Nebraska Health System Hospital, Omaha, Nebraska, May 25, 26, 1999; 1 hour presentation., 1999
  • Malesker MA, Malone PM, Luckritz TC, (FORAL) MERKEL PA, Lang PJ. Antibiotic utilization 
    in COPD patients. 31st Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, 
    December 8-12, 1996., 1996
  • (FORAL) MERKEL PA, Elsberry VA, Roe DJ. Population estimation of vancomycin 
    clearance in children, 29th Annual ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting, Miami, Florida, December 1994., 1994
  • FORAL PA, Elsberry VA, Roe DJ: Population estimation of vancomycin clearance in children, 
    Western States Conference, Asilomar, California, May 1994; ½ hour presentation., 1994
  • (FORAL) MERKEL PA. Brucellosis: Clinical presentation and treatment, Continuing Education 
    Program for pharmacists, residents, faculty, students, University Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, May 1994; 1 hour presentation., 1994